In this favorable market, how do sellers contemplating an exit from their business decide whether to pursue an M&A sell-side transaction or the formation of an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)? They don’t. Instead, they run a dual track process which incorporates both processes. This provides the owners knowledge of both possible outcomes simultaneously. Now the owner can make the best choice based on actual offers and company specific options.
Each exit scenario provides benefits and challenges. The tables below show a quick summary of the pros and cons of each exit process.
M&A Pros & Cons (Strategic Buyers & Private Equity)
ESOP Pros & Cons
The Dual Track Process
PCE manages both processes simultaneously but under one engagement: a sell-side auction process and an ESOP process.
- The M&A engagement involves preparing a corporate profile of the client company, identifying and prioritizing strategic as well as financial buyers, and creating a competitive environment for the highest price and best terms.
- The ESOP process includes a valuation following Department of Labor specifications, a feasibility analysis that considers the various ESOP transaction structures, tax advantages, and financing options.
The auction element of a sell-side process and the ESOP fair market valuation can each be enhanced when conducted in a parallel exercise. The ESOP valuation considers bona fide offers from capable buyers, which a sell-side auction inherently produces. This ensures the ESOP valuation closely tracks strategic buyer offers. The preferential tax treatment for the ESOP scenario challenges the strategic buyers to increase their offers to match the higher ESOP after-tax proceeds. Therefore, the ESOP is actually part of the sell-side auction.
We believe an owner needs to fully understand all of their liquidity options, and the Dual Track engagement eliminates the chance of an uninformed decision.
Visit our Exit Planning Library to find additional resources to help guide you through the exit planning process.
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